All dogs are born with blue eyes, but at ten weeks of age, the eye color will change to their permanent adult color. Some dogs end up with one blue eye and one of another color. Though it looks pretty and unique, dogs with light blue eyes may be more prone to some health issues.
Not all dog breeds with blue eyes will have health issues. Sometimes it is a genetic trait that will cause certain breeds of dogs to have blue eyes.
There are some large dog breeds with colored eyes, but there are also some smaller breeds with blue eyes. Which breeds have blue eyes?
Small Dog Breeds With Blue Eyes:
The Dachshund is a dog that may inherit blue-tinted eyes. It is common for dogs with dappled or merle patterning to also have blue eyes.
The Dachshund was bred in Germany and used to hunt burrowing animals such as badgers. Its name means “badger dog” but because of his long body he is often called a wiener dog. These days though, he is more of a lap dog. This small dog with blue eyes will melt your heart when he looks up at you to be picked up. The Dachshund is a very affectionate blue eyed dog breed.
The eye color of a Dachshund is related to its coat color. While light-colored Dachshunds will have green or amber eyes, they may also have two different colored eyes.
2. Cardigan Welsh Corgi
The Cardigan Welsh Corgi may be a blue eyed Corgi.
Similar to other dogs with blue eyes, the eye color is tied to the coat color. A Corgi with a merle coat may end up with one or two eyes that are blue.
A Corgi has short legs and long bodies. They were bred to do farm work such as herding livestock. Being short means they are able to weave in and around the cattle to herd them in the right direction.
If you are looking at the breed standard, blue eyes are only permissible if the Corgi has a blue merle coat. Otherwise, blue eyes are an undesirable trait.
The Weimaraner is a blue-eyed breed with a royal history. They used to go with their owners on hunts for deer, boar, and sometimes bears.
As puppies the Weimaraner will have blue eyes but as they age, the eye color may change to amber or gold. However, some Weimaraner eyes will stay a blue-grey color. Sometimes the appearance of a Weimaraner prompts the nickname “gray ghost.” The silver color and the blue eyes seem haunting!
4. Border Collie
Of the blue eyed dog breeds, the Border Collie is one of the more popular breeds.
Full of energy, the Border Collie can carry a blue-eyed gene. This beautiful dog needs regular grooming to keep his coat looking as pretty as his eyes. He has long hair and tends to shed a lot.
Among the most intelligent of dog breeds, he is able to quickly learn obedience. You need a large fenced in yard where this companion has lots of room to run off some steam.
Border Collies like to watch over their flock. Often, a blue-eyed Border Collie is said to have a “glass eye” or a “watch eye.” A blue eye was considered an asset for this working breed.
5. Shetland Sheepdog
The Shetland Sheepdog, or the Sheltie, is also a breed that can have blue eyes.
The Sheltie is a herding dog. If he has a merle coat, the potential for blue eyes is higher. As with the Corgi, blue eyes are considered a fault unless it is caused by the color of his coat.
A Sheltie needs a lot of room to run around. These dogs are high energy dogs requiring a lot of exercise to keep in shape and stay mentally stimulated.
Sheltie’s are hard-working dogs who are always ready to please. Loyalty to owners is of utmost importance to the Sheltie. He is sometimes called a shadow since he is so attached to his family.
Shetland sheepdogs used to be herding dogs but today, they are most often farm dogs or family pets. Most Shelties have dark colored eyes but blue merle Shelties are apt to have one brown and one blue eye or two blue eyes.
Shelties are alert dogs but also very gentle with a somewhat reserved nature. These dogs are good with children.
6. Klee Kai
The Klee Kai, sometimes known as a “Siberian Husky lite,” is a smaller husky with blue eyes. These blue-eyed puppies need a lot of space.
The breed is similar to a Husky but they are not as calm. They can be nervous and skittish around strangers and they also have a high prey drive. This breed is best as an outdoor farm dog or a home that does not have other pets.
The American Kennel Club does not recognize the breed but the United Kennel Club recognizes it as a distinct breed.
The name “Klee Kai” is an Inuit term that means “small dog.” This smart and loyal dog makes a great companion. He is sweet and loyal and loves spending time with his owner. Plenty of exercise will help to keep him happy!
The Pomsky is not a purebred dog, but he often has blue eyes. This designer dog is a mix of the Pomeranian and the Husky. A smaller version of a Husky, this crossbreed is fluffy like a Pom and has the blue eyes of a Siberian Husky.
The breed is growing in popularity but can be hard to find. The price could be around $3000 US dollars!
These high energy dogs need to exercise for at least an hour every day. These dogs are intelligent, playful, and affectionate but they are also noisy!
If you are looking for a Pomsky you need to be aware of their breeding. Because of the size difference of the parents, it is necessary to use artificial insemination to produce a Pomsky. Some breeders will practice unsafe breeding in order to try and lower the cost of a Pomsky, so do your research and find a reputable breeder.
The Final Take
While blue-eyed dogs are beautiful, it is not always a good trait. It is best to look for a breed that can naturally have blue eyes passed through a gene.
If dogs are not properly bred and they have blue eyes, there is a higher chance of health problems.
Stephanie was born and raised in Saskatchewan and currently lives in Alberta, Canada. She started her career as a school teacher twenty years ago and has taught English Language Arts to students in grades three through twelve. She is currently exploring her love of writing and exploring topics she is interested in while also learning more in her field of expertise. She is passionate about lifelong learning.