The Doberman Pinscher: Overview of a Dog Breed

The Doberman Pinscher: Overview of a Dog Breed

Doberman Pinscher (Dobermann, Dobie) originated in Germany, but the exact ancestry of this breed is unknown. Some indications show that it is a result of mixing several dog breeds.

With the majestic appearance, superior intelligence, and high level of energy, it is ideal for the military and police dog and a family guardian. Many people believe that it is a sharp and sinister animal, but it is not entirely true. This dog is loyal, stable, and adores its owner.

Everything you need to know about the Doberman Pinscher:

1. History

This relatively new breed was created in the 1880s. German tax collector Louis Dobermann from Apolda started breeding a dog line for his own protection.

He crossed Rottweilers, German Pinscher, old shorthaired shepherd dogs, and black and tan terriers to get a reliable guard dog. It is very likely that he also used Beaucerons, Weimaraners, and perhaps Manchester Terriers and Greyhounds to add casualness and great stamina to desired traits.

Doberman Pinscher dog breed

Throughout the years, Mr. Dobermann produced dogs of distinct types until the first Dobermann Pinscher was finally introduced in 1876, at a dog show. However, some records mentioned it in 1863 as a part of the first dog market.

In the 1950s, the Germans changed the dog’s name and dropped the word Pinscher. After a few years, the British did the same. Nowadays, only the US and Canada continue to use the full breed name, but without two ‘n.’

After Dobermann passed away in 1894, the new breed was named after him. A few years after, the breeder Otto Goeller refined and perfected this dog. He bred the bravest, tightest, quickest, and the most intelligent dogs to get a superior breed.

Thanks to his commitment, this dog became an original German breed officially recognized by the German Kennel Club in 1900. He also created the National Doberman Pinscher Club.

The first Doberman was registered in the American Kennel Club in 1908. Thirteen years later, in 1921, the Doberman Pinscher Club of America was formed.

Unfortunately, the following years were miserable for Dobies. Fewer people were able to feed such a large dog during the tough years after World War I. The breed survived thanks to the military, police, and a few rich people.

Nearly all the top German Doberman sires were brought to the US after 1921. It was the lucky move since the breed would have extinct for sure during World War II. Thanks to its devotion to the human family, Doberman is one of the most popular breeds in AKC registrations.

2. Breed Characteristics


Doberman is a highly intelligent, playful, loyal, trustworthy, and active dog that adores and protects its human family. This breed is never aggressive for no reason, but you should be prepared that it won’t hesitate to attack when it concludes that the family, especially kids are under threat.

This dog is usually friendly with other pets in the home, especially when they grow up together. However, it will probably become aggressive toward unknown dogs if it considers them a threat.

Doberman Pinscher with other pets

Since Dobie is a quick learner, you won’t have any issue with training it. Unfortunately, there are some exceptions. My friend’s Doberman Khan was probably the most beautiful dog of its breed in Europe and physically perfect. However, it barely won CACIB because it was incredibly stupid.

The positive thing is that this breed is not prone to barking and howling, but it will probably drool more than you would like.


Numerous factors, including heredity, socialization, and training, will affect the temperament of your Dobie. It would help if you started at the dog’s early age. Keep in mind that it will be a puppy for almost four years.

Doberman Pinscher puppy

This baby will be playful, curious, affectionate, and friendly. Make sure to expose your puppy to different people and provide various experiences as soon as it is six months old to socialize it properly. Only a happy dog can develop full potential. Left alone in a box, it will become frightened and aggressive.

Size and Look

The average height of Doberman Pinscher is approximately 24 to 28 inches (61 – 71 cm), and it usually weighs from 60 to 88 pounds (27.2 – 40 kg).

Doberman PinscherMaleFemale
Height26 to 28 inches (66 – 71 cm)24 to 26 inches (61 – 66 cm)
Weight65 to 88 pounds (29.5 – 40 kg)60 to 80 pounds (27.2 – 36.3 kg)

It is well-known for the black, fawn, reddish, or blue coat color and rust markings above both eyes. You can also find the set of yellowish marks on the dog’s muzzle, chest, throat, and legs.

Doberman Pinscher with cropped ears

Initially, owners cropped Dobies’ ears and docked tails. It increased their hearing and provided a more aerodynamic look. Nowadays, this procedure is banned in Ireland, Australia, Turkey, and most EU countries. Unfortunately, this cruelty is still unrestricted in the US.

3. Care

Thanks to the smooth coat and short hair, there is no need for excessive grooming. However, it will shed, so you should brush your furry friend from time to time. Since this breed is clean without unpleasant doggy odor, you should avoid frequent bathing. Trim the nails once a month and check the ears for infection.

4. Diet and Nutrition

The typical daily amount of food the adults need will depend on their gender, size, age, activity level, and food quality. Typically, three cups of quality dry food will be enough for a day, but you should divide it into two portions.

5. Possible Health Problems

Unfortunately, Dobermans have genetic predispositions for some severe diseases, including:

  • Heart and neurological diseases.
  • Glomerulonephropathy.
  • Gastric dilatation volvulus (bloat).
  • Bleeding disorders.
  • Diabetes.
  • Eye, bone, joint, and skin problems.

In most cases, you can expect this magnificent dog to live from 10 to 12 years.

In a Nutshell

If you look for a Doberman, you can adopt or buy it in numerous nationwide rescue groups, including Doberman Rescue Unlimited, Doberman Rescue Minnesota, Dobies and Little Paws Rescue, Doberman Rescue of Atlanta.

You can also find a Doberman Pinscher Club of America in your state and adopt your new buddy. Be sure that this dog will reciprocate with infinite loyalty and dedication.