Border Collie – Top Intelligence In The Dog World

Border Collie – Top Intelligence In The Dog World

Working Border Collie is a lovely herding dog, but many people can’t distinguish the physical difference between a Border Collie and an Australian Shepherd. This energetic and hardy breed was developed to control the flock and gather sheep.

Since it is highly intelligent, playfully, and accepts commands quickly, it excels in canine sports. Provide enough physical and mental exercise for your pet, and it will be an excellent family dog and a great companion to your kids. Keep in mind that this breed is not a couch potato, and it will fit you only if you are active and enjoy outdoor activities.

Everything You Need To Know About The Border Collie:

1. History

Border Collie takes the name after the region of origin at the England and Scotland border and the Scottish word for a sheepdog. It didn’t take long for people to catch how to train a Border Collie to herd the flock. It was actually created somewhere between 43 AD and the 8th century as a crossbreed of small Viking herding dogs and large-boned Roman dog breeds. This breed’s purpose was to work with shepherds, so its primary traits needed to include obedience and agility.

Until the 1700s, shepherds bred the best working dogs with each other or mixed them with Scotch Collies and Bearded Collies to get the perfect breed. As soon as the English gentry discovered this noble dog in the mid-19th century, it became trendy.

Border Collie history

Queen Victoria adored Collies and made them desirable show dogs with royal status. In 1915, Border Collies diverged from Collies and got their official name that was left to this day. American Kennel Club finally recognized this breed on October 1, 1995. Nowadays, you can find this easy-to-train dog working for the police, mainly in bombs and narcotics detection, in rescue missions, or as beloved pets. This breed is also an excellent guide dog for the blind.

Many breeders, including over 100 ones on the AKC list, have decided to breed this particular dog. Border Collie cost is relatively high, and you can buy one for at least $1,000 to 2,000. Another option is to adopt one of these beauties from a shelter.

2. Personality

Most people love cute Border Collie and its unique personality. This dog is energetic, intelligent, curious, and learns quickly. Sometimes, it is hard to keep it challenged and interested. When it becomes bored, you will get an annoying pet that barks, digs your garden or yard, or accepts a dangerous habit of chasing cars. Your hardworking pet will be an alert watchdog, and you can’t expect it to accept other people immediately. You can conclude how smart are Border Collies by their sensitive reaction to your every whistle, gesture, or hand signal.

Border Collie puppy

On the other hand, a poorly socialized dog may become too independent, stubborn, and strong-minded. You can expect your buddy to become unhappy and even destructive if you leave it alone for long. Therefore, you should think twice before adopting this breed. It won’t tolerate sitting for hours and waiting while you are at work.

3. Temperament

One of the crucial questions is, are Border Collies good with kids and other pets. The answer is not entirely simple. This dog breed is an ultimate family dog when raised and socialized properly. It adores children, but living with toddlers can be challenging for your four-legged friend. It can sometimes treat too active kids as a herd and try to get them in order by barking, nipping, and chasing them. That is why you need to keep its primary instincts under control from an early age.

On the other hand, your buddy will enjoy running, playing, and exercising with older children since it likes the attention and a happy crowd. However, once you hear your Border Collie barking, you can be sure that it tries to warn you of potential danger. Unfortunately, this smart dog is not for everyone. If you look for a couch potato, you should avoid Border Collies.

Border Collie temperament

You need to occupy your buddy most of the time since it always craves human company. When it grows up with other pets, it will tolerate or even enjoy playing with them. Be aware that happy Border Collie will be loyal only to one person and wary of strangers. One more thing! Your furry friend can be obsessive with some toys or other possessions because it considers them its property. Provide enough exercise for your dog, offer it a routine it likes, and respect its privacy. Your prize will be the perfect friend for life.

4. Size And Look

The average Border Collie weight is about 30 to 45 pounds (13.5 – 20.5 kg). It will be 18 to 22 inches (46 – 56 cm) tall, depending on gender and inherited traits.

Border Collie
Height20 to 22 inches (51 – 56 cm)18 to 20 inches (46 – 51 cm)
Weight35 to 45 pounds (16 – 20.5 kg)30 to 40 pounds (13.5 – 18 kg)

Border Collie coat colors are diverse, and you have an extensive choice once you decide to adopt this dog breed. Except for tricolor Border Collie and spotted Border Collie, you can find monochromatic dogs, like:

  • Merle Border Collies
  • Orange Border Collies
  • Gray Border Collies
  • Lilac Border Collies
  • Chocolate Border Collies
Border Collie coat color

However, the Border Collie color chart usually includes two colors, so that you can find dogs with several combinations:

  • Blue merle Border Collies
  • Red merle Border Collies
  • Red and white Border Collies
  • Sable merle Border Collies
  • Brown and white Border Collies
  • Black and tan Border Collies
  • Black and white Border Collies

One thing is for sure. Whatever type you choose, you won’t make a mistake. All of them are beautiful, graceful, and incredibly stylish.

5. Grooming

Border Collie shed a lot no matter which one of two coat varieties, rough or smooth, it has. Dogs with the rough, medium-length coat variety have long hair tufts on the chest, belly, and legs. On the other hand, the smooth fur is short and coarser in texture without tufts.

Since both coats are double, you can guess that Border Collie grooming needs include weekly brushing to prevent matting. Avoid bathing your buddy too often. In fact, it doesn’t need a bath at all unless it is really dirty or smells terrible. Check dog’s ears once a week and trim its nails once a month.

6. Exercising

How much exercise does a Border Collie need will depend on its living conditions. If you have a yard, this herding dog will have a lot of opportunities to exercise and enjoy outdoor activities. Otherwise, you need to take it for a walk at least 1 to 2 hours a day. Buy the best toys for Border Collies and let your dog play whenever it wants. It is vital teaching it not to chase cars to prevent possible injuries.

Border Collie exercising

7. Training

Border Collie training is crucial for forming a well-behaving dog. Socialize the new puppy or adult adequately as soon as it comes to a new home and teach it the primary commands early. Training a Border Collie is not a problem since it is intelligent, talented, and learns quickly. The challenging part is its restless nature and disinterest in long-term learning. Your lessons will quickly become boring to your buddy, so you should try with a bribe, like treats and favorite food.

Border Collie training

8. Diet And Nutrition

You should provide 1.5 to 2 cups of the best food for a Border Collie a day, divided into two portions. However, your dog can require a different diet, depending on its age, gender, and activity level. Choosing quality dog food will make a difference between a fit and fat Border Collie and directly affect its health and lifespan.

Border Collie diet

9. Possible Health Problems

General Predisposition

In general, Border Collie is a healthy dog breed.

Border Collie health problems

But he usually suffers from only typical health conditions connected with aging, such as:

  • Dental disease
  • Heart disease and blood disorders
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Liver problems
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Behavioral issues and nerve disease
  • Epilepsy
  • Vestibular syndrome
  • Obesity

Pay particular attention to Border Collie allergies, including those caused by food, contact, and inhalation.

Genetic Predispositions

Border Collies can inherit predispositions to some hereditary diseases, such as:

Unfortunately, Border Collies may also inherit a few different eye conditions that often cause blindness.

Border Collie health

The most common are:

Necessary Tests

When buying a puppy, you should ask for:

Orthopedic Foundation for Animals health clearances for:

Auburn University’s test for thrombopathia.

Canine Eye Registry Foundation’s certifying eye condition.

Approximate Border Collie life expectancy is about 12 to 15 years. It will depend on your dog’s activity, diet, and possible hereditary health issues.


Owning a Border Collie is a privilege. This sensitive dog can predict its owner’s wishes and intentions in advance. You need to socialize your furry friend well and provide enough mental and physical stimulation to it. As a result, you will enjoy a happy and satisfied dog’s company.